Salt Shake Down: Sodium Reduction is on the Table
Turkey sandwiches…soups…deli meats. Are these the building blocks of a healthy meal or stealthy contributors of excess sodium? Both, according to experts, but improved versions are in the works, thanks to June 2016 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended guidelines and commitments from food manufacturers and restaurant operators to shake down the salt.
Implicated in a litany of ills from increased risk of heart disease and stroke to higher blood pressure, sodium is one of today’s major targets for elimination in the quest for a healthy diet. According to the Institute of Medicine, reducing sodium intake to 2,300 mg daily can significantly reduce blood pressure, ultimately preventing hundreds of thousands of premature illnesses and deaths. Currently, Americans consume on average, about 3,400 mg a day (a teaspoon and a half), most of it involuntarily.
“While a majority of Americans reports watching or trying to reduce added salt in their diets, the deck has been stacked against them,” the FDA stated. “The majority of sodium intake comes from processed and prepared foods, not the saltshaker.”
The guidelines set targets for reducing sodium over the next decade in the majority of processed and prepared foods, including pizza, deli meats, canned soup, snacks, breads and rolls. Already Nestle has reduced the salt in its pizzas, General Mills reduced sodium in more than 350 products, and Mars Food, Unilever and PepsiCo have pledged to follow suit.
Experts at the Harvard School of Public Health and the American Heart Association urge even further downward pressure on sodium in the diet, recommending a limit of 1,500 mg per day. Dr. Frank Sacks, the Principal Investigator in the groundbreaking Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Sodium-Trial, concurs, saying the effect of sodium intake on blood pressure is strong and causal, and called the new guidelines “a tremendous step forward to lower heart attacks and strokes in the US.”
Start shrinking the sodium in your diet with these simple, tasty strategies:
- Plant-based foods such as carrots, spinach, apples, and peaches, are naturally salt-free.
- Add sun-dried tomatoes, dried mushrooms, cranberries, cherries, and other dried fruits to salads and foods for bursts of flavor.
- Enhance soups with a splash of lemon and other citrus fruits, or wine; use as a marinade for chicken and other meats.
- Avoid onion or garlic salt; instead use fresh garlic and onion, or onion and garlic powder.
- Try vinegars (white and red wine, rice wine, balsamic). Maximize flavor by adding at the end of cooking time.
- For heat and spice, try dry mustard, fresh chopped hot peppers and paprika.
- Carrots – Cinnamon, cloves, dill, ginger, marjoram, nutmeg, rosemary, sage
- Corn – Cumin, curry powder, paprika, parsley
- Green beans – Dill, lemon juice, marjoram, oregano, tarragon, thyme
- Tomatoes – Basil, bay leaf, dill, onion, oregano, parsley, pepper
- Fish – Curry powder, dill, dry mustard, lemon juice, lemongrass, paprika, pepper, saffron
- Chicken – Poultry seasoning, rosemary, sage, tamarind, tarragon, thyme
- Pork – Cilantro, garlic, onion, sage, pepper, oregano
- Beef – Marjoram, nutmeg, paprika, sage, thyme